From Section 4:
- What Gross and Simmons had really shown was that the faculty in their sample were 9 percent conservative (though not very), 10 percent slightly left, and 80 percent solidly left, with half of those extreme left. Ilya Somin17 reached much the same conclusion as to the true identity of these alleged “moderates” in a different way. He simply noted the huge discrepancy between the Gross and Simmons figures for moderates and their data for the 2004 presidential election. While according to exit polls the genuine moderates had voted for John Kerry by a 54-45 margin, almost all of the Gross and Simmons moderates had voted for him.